Components of Treatment
What are the Specific Components of Treatment?
Following assessment, a treatment plan is developed according to individual problems and needs. Essential elements of the treatment may include:
- Gaining a greater understanding of the nature and management of anxiety.
- Skills Development
- Instruction in a variety of techniques for reducing the physical sensations that accompany anxiety. Identification of sources of stress and strategies for stress management are also emphasized.
- Cognitive Therapy
- Learning to identify and alter erroneous beliefs related to fears. Improved thinking patterns result in increased self-confidence and a greater sense of control.
- Behavior Therapy
- Behavior therapy techniques and behavior management plans facilitate learning and reinforce treatment goals.
- Exposure Therapy
- As avoidance is a large part of the problem with anxiety, therapists accompany individuals into the avoided places and situations, and/or help them confront avoided thoughts, providing instruction and appropriate levels of reassurance. These strategies increase confidence in mastering similar situations in the future.
- Habit Reversal Training
- Habit reversal training is a set of behavioral therapy strategies effective in reducing tics associated with Tourette’s Disorder as well as behaviors associated with impulse control and Bodily-focused Repetitive Behavior disorders such as trichotillomania (hair-pulling) and compulsive skin picking.
- Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT)/Emotion Regulation
- DBT-informed skills are often incorporated as part of services to address specific treatment challenges of emotion dysregulation, identity confusion, interpersonal difficulties, impulsivity, risky behaviors, and interpersonal conflict.
- Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)
- Acceptance and mindfulness techniques, together with commitment and behavioral change strategies, are used to increase psychological flexibility and to more fully approach and engage in healthy, long-term management. The techniques make heavy use of paradox, metaphor, and experiential exercises towards handling thoughts, feelings, memories, and physical sensations that have been feared and avoided.
- Group Therapy/Support Groups
- At times a group approach may be highly effective in treating persons with similar problems and providing an atmosphere of mutual understanding and support. Please check with your therapist or our website for updates on groups that may be forming.
- Therapy with Spouses, Significant Others, or Other Family Members
- Increases understanding of the problem and enhancement of relationships often compromised by anxiety disorders.
Other Services Available
- Home and community-based treatments as clinically indicated
- Intensive exposure treatment protocols available
- Telemedicine services to reduce travel for those patients at a distance
- Referral for medication evaluation and management
- Referrals to other professionals sensitive to concerns of persons with anxiety disorders
- Presentations to health professionals, educators, and community organizations
- Consultation and second-opinion services to other professionals regarding anxiety disorders and their management
- Consultation and training relationships for clinical and/or research purposes available to area institutions
- Optional research participation